This is similar to urban agriculture and ties into all of the examples of farmland transitioning into suburbs, however, in this case the housing and farm are overlapping. Having the farm be a “legitimate” functioning farm and figuring out ways of combining housing while maintaining the farm (or adding a working farm to existing suburbs as a retrofit) seem like a good way to build community interactions. We should build more of these.
There are other new urbanist examples of this general idea (e.g. Serenebe near Atlanta- however, there the agriculture is used more as an aesthetic and theming device with some gentleman farming).
e360 article on Designed Experiments: Rebuilding the Natural World: A Shift in Ecological Restoration
From forests in Queens to wetlands in China, planners and scientists are promoting a new approach that incorporates experiments into landscape restoration projects to determine what works to the long-term benefit of nature and what does not.
Joint Forestry Architecture in class charette for Rebuild by Design
As part of Applied Urban Ecology we invited Alan Plattus, Ed Mitchell and Andrei Harwell over to the UEDLAB to work through three sites as part of the Rebuild by Design competition. The focal areas included the Southend, the eastern portion of the Pequonnock and the Oxbrook Inland waterway.
TF: Caitlin Feehan. Students: Dana Baker, RossBernet, Uma Bhandaram, Chung-Leong Chan, Emily Grady, KateHagemann, Chris Halfnight, Angel Hertslet, LynetteLeighton, Meghan Lewis, ShaynaLiberman, Jorge Lopez, Selena Pang, Juan Simonelli, Rebecca Schultz, Lindsay Toland, Jorge De Vincente, Lin Shi, Emily Wright
The Urban Ecology and Design Lab at Yale is deeply involved in the Rebuild by Design competition working on coastal adaptation in Bridgeport with the WB Unabridged + Yale and Arcadis team. See the attached workshop above which occurred over the weekend. A second event will occur on March 8th in Bridgeport. Here is the link to our team website: http://www.rebuildbydesign.org/teams/unabridged/
Introduction of panelists and framing of issues, 5 min
Alex Felson, Assistant Professor, Yale University
Applying ecosystem services more effectively for long term coastal adaptation planning
Panelists presentations answering questions, 10 min each
Denise Reed, Chief Scientist, Water Institute of the Gulf
How can we further integrate scientific information through the ecosystem services framework as a common language to inform ecosystem-based policy and planning for coastal adaptation?
Roselle Henn, Chief, USACE North Atlantic Division
What are examples of useful methods and tools for facilitating coastal adaptation in terms of government, economics, infrastructure and, community activism in the local, regional, and national political context?
Gavin Smith, Associate Research Professor UNC; Executive Director UNC & Homeland
Given the importance of risk reduction and hazard mitigation planning, how can we link these planning tools to ecosystem services, including where and how we build in relation to natural hazards? How can we address the many trade offs associated with coastal adaptation planning given that places where people want to live are also high hazard areas (e.g. future land developments risks and ecosystem service impacts)?
Dan Zarrilli,PE | Director of Resiliency NYC Mayor’s Office of Long-Term Planning & Sustainability
What lessons have we learned from large urban areas such as New York about reducing risks and increasing ecosystem services? Are these ideas transferable? What knowledge gaps and data needs are necessary for advancing coastal adaptation initiatives?
Panel Discussion , 10 min
Questions from the Audience , 5 min
What ecosystem services are relevant for coastal adaptation and long-term adaptive management? How well are these ES documented and incorporated into the models used by NOAA, FEMA and USACE to address risks and work on hazard planning? In working on the challenging effort to retrofit urban coastal land, how much data is needed? How do we couple data driven models with action oriented agendas and regulations?
Future Directions in Urban Ecology and Ecological Design. Tuesday, November 19th 4:00 – 5:45 Burke Auditorium
Join Urban Ecologists Peter Groffman, Diane Pataki and Alex Felson as they engage in a discussion with Yale School of Architecture faculty about urban ecological theories, methods, and tools. Brainstorm with them on methods to translate scientific information into tangible meaning for design.
Questions to be raised are: - How do we choose what metrics to study and what methods to apply for design? - How should we move forward in designing and constructing buildings and landscapes and measure their performance? - Are there design enhancements that can affect ecological processes and improve the environmental performance of urban areas? - How can experiments be implemented to study/design ecosystem process interactions in urban and suburban areas?
Sooner or Later at Seaside: An experimental effort by Alexander J. Felson, ASLA, to protect a shoreline neighborhood in Bridgeport, Connecticut, from frequent flooding shows how hard it is to make a whole community appreciate the existential threat of climate change. By Arthur Allen.Landscape Architecture Magazine, November 2013: 188-197.
THE YALE UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR ALEXANDER J. FELSON, ASLA, brings landscape architecture and ecology together in what he calls “designed experiments”—projects that test green urban design and management hypotheses but that also meet practical needs. In 2010, he came to Seaside Village, a century-old brick Georgia revival complex in Bridgeport, Connecticut, where the homeowners association had asked Yale’s Urban Design Workshop and the Urban Ecology and Design Lab to develop a master plan for the 257-unit community. Seaside Village is enveloped in the shade of beautiful red oaks, lindens, and silver maples but floods badly during heavy rains. At first it seemed like a marriage made in heaven. Felson, an assistant professor at Yale, runs a joint degree program between the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and the School of Architecture. He has a master’s degree in landscape architecture from Harvard University and a PhD in ecology from Rutgers University. As a designer and researcher for MillionTreesNYC, the planting project in New York City, he helped devise a series of experimental plots to study urban forest health over time in different soils and settings. Seaside Village was a site with great symbolic interest, a place where idealisms past and present could meet. There were, however, big problems that come with working on former wetlands within a 100-year floodplain, on the fringe of a threatened coastline where flooding is common. Poor drainage plagues Seaside Village, which lies below high-tide levels on pancake-flat land. After a normal heavy rain, drains back up and fill the neighborhood. An inch of precipitation can leave six or seven inches of water on the streets, and most basements flood regularly. A glance at the 1893 U.S. Geological Survey map of the area shows why: The land where Seaside Village now sits once lay under a marshy inlet of the Long Island Sound.
Earlier this year, Alexander Felson suggested that the field of urban design would improve markedly if ecologists became more involved. But as Felson conceded, many ecologists have scant experience working on development projects and might not even know where to begin.
In a new article, Felson, an assistant professor at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies and the Yale School of Architecture, lays out a “roadmap” for integrating ecology into urban design. Writing in the journal BioScience, Felson describes strategies for ecologists to inject themselves into design projects — such as urban parks and buildings — and highlights critical moments in the process when they can have the greatest impact… more
“It’s ideal to get involved early in the contract phase because essentially you’re carving out your role in a project.”
“Land development is inevitable… and it’s happening with less ecological assessment than it should be. The more we can get ecologist involved the better.”
Guilford — Ten days before the one-year anniversary of storm Sandy’s sweep through the coastal flanks of this shoreline community, town planner George Kral surveys an area that took one of the storm’s hardest hits -– Seaside Avenue. “The road was totally inundated,” he recounted. “All of the houses had water in their basements for sure or up into the first floor depending on the exact elevation of the road.” Appropriate to its name, on this sunny, if chilly, Friday afternoon, Seaside Avenue offers an array of vistas of Long Island Sound as the road transects what in earlier times was a seaside salt marsh. “… Visit this link for the whole story on “Seaside Avenue erased?